Join the lab




Lab members indicated with asterisk (*)

Jump to year

Accepted/In Press, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013

Accepted/In press

Chen, JM, R Wang, Y Liu, L He, H Croft, X Luo, H Wang, NG Smith*, IC Prentice, Y Zhang, W Ju, and N Dong (In press). Global datasets of lea photosynthetic capacity for ecological and Earth system research. Earth System Science Data. link.

Dong, N, IC Prentice, IJ Wright, H Wang, OA Atkin, KJ Bloomfield, TF Domingues, S Gleason, V Maire, Y Onoda, H Poorter, and NG Smith* (In press). Leaf nitrogen from the perspective of optimal plant function. Journal of Ecology. link.

Dong, N, IJ Wright, JM Chen, X Luo, H Wang, TF Keenan, NG Smith*, and IC Prentice (In Press). Rising CO2 and warming reduce global canopy demand for nitrogen. New Phytologist. link.


Gu, H, Y Qiao, S Xi, S Rossi, NG Smith*, J Liu, and L Chen (2022). Warming-induced increase in carbon uptake is linked to earlier spring phenology in temperate and boreal forests. Nature Communications 13: 3698. link.

Kong, RS*, DA Way, HAL Henry, and NG Smith* (2022). Stomatal conductance, not biochemistry, drives low temperature acclimation of photosynthesis in Populus balsamifera regardless of nitrogen availability. Plant Biology 24(5): 766-779. link.

Tao W, K Mao, J He, NG Smith*, Y Qiao, J Guo, H Yang, W Wang, J Liu, and L Chen (2022). Daytime warming triggers tree growth decline in the Northern Hemisphere. Global Change Biology 28(16): 4832-4844. link.

Scott, HG* and NG Smith* (2022). A model of C4 photosynthetic acclimation based on least-cost optimality theory suitable for Earth System Model incorporation. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES) 14(3): e2021MS002470. link.

Kyker-Snowman, E, DL Lombardozzi, GB Bonan, SJ Cheng, JS Dukes, SD Frey, EM Jacobs, R McNellis*, JM Rady, NG Smith*, RQ Thomas, WW Wieder, AS Grandy (2022). Increasing the spatial and temporal impact of ecological research: A roadmap for integrating a novel terrestrial process into an Earth system model. Global Change Biology 28(2): 665-684. link.


Wang, J, Z Xi, X He, S Chen, S Rossi, NG Smith*, J Liu, and L Chen (2021). Contrasting temporal variations in responses of leaf unfolding to daytime and nighttime warming. Global Change Biology 27(20): 5084-5093. link.

He, X, C Shanshan, J Wang, NG Smith*, S Rossi, H Yang, J Liu, and L Chen (2021). Delaying effect of humidity on leaf unfolding in Europe. Science of the Total Environment 800: 149563. link.

Luo, X, TF Keenan, JM Chen, H Croft, IC Prentice, NG Smith*, AP Walker, H Wang, C Xu, Y Zhang (2021). Global variation in the fraction of leaf nitrogen allocated to photosynthesis. Nature Communications 12: 4866. link.

Harrison, SP, W Cramer, O Franklin, IC Prentice, H Wang, Å Brännström, H de Boer, U Dieckmann, J Joshi, TF Keenan, A Lavergne, S Manzoni, G Mengoli, C Morfopoulos, J Peñuelas, S Pietsch, K Rebel, Y Ryu, NG Smith*, B Stocker, and IJ Wright (2021). Eco-evolutionary optimality as a means to improve vegetation and land-surface models. New Phytologist 23(6): 2125-2141. link.

Perkowski, EA*, EF Waring*, and NG Smith* (2021). Root mass carbon costs to acquire nitrogen are determined by nitrogen and light availability in two species with different nitrogen acquisition strategies. Journal of Experimental Botany 72(15): 5766-5776. link.

Bialic‐Murphy, L, NG Smith*, P Voothuluru, RM McElderry, MD Roche, ST Cassidy, SN Kivlin, S and Kalisz (2021). Invasion‐induced root–fungal disruptions alter plant water and nitrogen economies. Ecology Letters 24(6): 1145-1156. link.

Bell, A* and NG Smith* (2021). Soil salinity has species-specific effects on the growth and nutrient quality of four Texas grasses. Rangeland Ecology & Management 77: 39-45. link.

Liang, M, NG Smith*, J Chen, Y Wu, Z Guo, E Gornish, and C Liang (2021). Shifts in plant composition mediate grazing effects on carbon cycling in grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology 58(3): 518-527. link.

Ely, KS, A Rogers, DA Agarwal, EA Ainsworth, L Albert, A Ali, J Anderson, MJ Aspinwall, C Bellasio, C Bernacchi, S Bonnage, TN Buckley, J Bunce, AC Burnett, FA Busch, A Cavanagh, LA Cernusak, R Crystal-Ornelas, J Damerow, KJ Davidson, MG De Kauwe, MC Dietze, TF Domingues, ME Dusenge, DS Ellsworth, JR Evans, PPG Gauthier, BO Gimenez, EP Gordon, CM Gough, AH Halbritter, DT Hanson, Mary Heskel, JA Hogan, JR Hupp, K Jardine, J Kattge, T Keenan, J Kromdijk, DP Kumarathunge, J Lamour, ADB Leakey, DS LeBauer, Q Li, MR Lundgren, N McDowell, K Meacham- Hensold, BE Medlyn, DJP Moore, R Negrón-Juárez, Ü Niinemets, CP Osborne, AL Pivovaroff, H Poorter, SC Reed, Y Ryu, A Sanz-Saez, SC Schmiege, SP Serbin, TD Sharkey, M Slot, NG Smith*, BV Sonawane, PF South, DC Souza, JR Stinziano, E Stuart-Haëntjens, SH Taylor, MD Tejera, J Uddling, V Vandvik, C Varadharajan, AP Walker, BJ Walker, JM Warren, DA Way, BT Wolfe, J Wu, SD Wullschleger, C Xu, Z Yan, and D Yang (2021). A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata. Ecological Informatics 61: 101232. link.

Ploughe, LW, NG Smith*, MJ Schuster, and JS Dukes (2021). Increased rainfall variability and nitrogen deposition accelerate succession along a common sere. Ecosphere 12(1): e03313. link.

Licht, J and NG Smith* (2021). Pyrogenic carbon improves the physiological performance of a C3 species planted on a green roof. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution 67(1): 1-8. link.


Smith, NG* and TF Keenan (2020). Mechanisms underlying leaf photosynthetic acclimation to warming and elevated CO2 as inferred from least-cost optimality theory. Global Change Biology 26(9): 5202-5216. link.

Chen, L, H Hänninen, S Rossi, NG Smith*, S Pau, Z Liu, G Feng, J Gao, and J Liu (2020). Leaf senescence exhibits stronger climatic responses during warm than during cold autumns. Nature Climate Change 10: 777-780. link.

Smith, NG*, RE McNellis*, and JS Dukes (2020). No acclimation: Instantaneous responses to temperature maintain homeostatic photosynthetic rates under experimental warming across a precipitation gradient in Ulmus americana. Annals of Botany – Plants 12(4): plaa027. link.

Paillassa, J, IJ Wright, IC Prentice, S Pepin, NG Smith*, G Ethier, A Westerband, LJ Lamarque, H Wang, WK Cornwell, and V Maire (2020). When and where soil is important to modify the carbon and water economy of leaves. New Phytologist 228(1): 121-135. link.

Wang, H, OA Atkin, TF Keenan, NG Smith*, IJ Wright, K Bloomfield, J Kattge, PB Reich, and IC Prentice (2020). Acclimation of leaf respiration consistent with optimal photosynthetic capacity. Global Change Biology 26(4): 2573-2583. link.

Stocker, BD, H Wang, NG Smith*, SP Harrison, TF Keenan, D Sandoval, T Davis, and IC Prentice (2020). P-model v1.0: An optimality-based light use efficiency model for simulating ecosystem gross primary production . Geoscientific Model Development 13: 1545- 1581. link.

Kattge, J and the TRY database team (including NG Smith*) (2020). TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology 26(1): 119-188. link.

Licht, J and NG Smith* (2020). Pyrogenic carbon increases pitch pine seedling growth, soil moisture retention and photosynthetic water use efficiency in the field . Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. link.


Liu, Z, L Chen, NG Smith*, W Yuan, X Chen, G Zhou, SA Alam, K Lin, T Zhao, P Zhou, C Chu, H Ma, and J Liu (2019). Global divergent responses of primary productivity to water, energy, and CO2 Environmental Research Letters 14(12): 124044. link.

Smith, NG*, G Li, and JS Dukes (2019). Short-term thermal acclimation of dark respiration is greater in non-photosynthetic than in photosynthetic tissues Annals of Botany - Plants 11(6): plz064. link.

Smith, NG*, TF Keenan, IC Prentice, H Wang, IJ Wright, Ü Niinemets, KY Crous, TF Domingues, R Guerrieri, FY Ishida, J Kattge, EL Kruger, V Maire, A Rogers, SP Serbin, L Tarvainnen, HF Togashi, PA Townsend, M Wang, LK Weerasinghe, S-X Zhou (2019). Global photosynthetic capacity is optimized to the environment. Ecology Letters 22(3): 506-517. doi: 10.1111/ele.13210. link.

Access the recommendation on F1000Prime

Kumarathunge, DP, BE Medlyn, JE Drake, MG Tjoelker, MJ Aspinwall, M Battaglia, FJ Cano, KR CArter, MA Cavaleri, LA Cernusak, JQ Chambers, KY Crous, MG De Kauwe, DN Dillaway, E Dreyer, DS Ellsworth, O Ghounnoum, Q Han, K Hikosaka, AM Jensen, JWG Kelly, EL Kruger, LM Mercado, Y Onoda, PB Reich, A Rogers, M Slot, NG Smith*, L Tarvainnen, DT Tissue, HF Togashi, ES Tribuzy, J Uddling, A Varhammar, G Wallin, JM Warren, and DA Way. (2019). Acclimation and adaptation components of the temperature dependence of plant photosynthesis at the global scale. New Phytologist 222(2): 768-784. link.

Liang, M, J Chen, NG Smith*, X Bai, C Jia, Z Li, and C Liang (2019). Changes and regulations of net ecosystem CO2 exchange across temporal scales in the Alxa Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 164: 68-74. link.


Smith, NG*, and JS Dukes (2018). Drivers of leaf carbon exchange capacity across biomes at the continental scale. Ecology 9(7): 1610-1620. link.

Lombardozzi, DL, NG Smith*, SJ Cheng, JS Dukes, T Sharkey, A Rogers, RA Fisher, and GB Bonan (2018). Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage. Environmental Research Letters 13(7). link.

Rodgers, VL, NG Smith*, SS Hoeppner, and JS Dukes (2018). Warming increases the sensitivity of seedling growth capacity to rainfall in six temperate deciduous species. Annals of Botany – Plants 10(1): ply003. link.

Licht, J, NG Smith* (2018). The influence of lignocellulosic and hemicellulosic biochar on photosynthesis and water use efficiency in seedlings from a Northeastern U.S. pine-oak ecosystem. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 37(1): 25-37. link.

Cheng, SJ, NG Smith*, and A Marklein (2018). Modeling global change ecology in a 400+ ppm world. Eos, 99. link.


Smith, NG* and JS Dukes (2017). LCE: Leaf carbon exchange dataset for tropical, temperate, and boreal species of North and Central America. Ecology 98(11): 2978. link.

Smith, NG* and JS Dukes (2017). Short-term acclimation to warmer temperatures increases leaf carbon exchange processes across plant types. Global Change Biology 23(11): 4840-4853. link.

Smith, NG* (2017). Plant respiration responses to elevated CO2: an overview from cellular processes to global impacts. In Plant Respiration: Metabolic Fluxes and Carbon Balance (Eds: G. Tcherkez and J. Ghashghaie. Pp. 69-87. New York: Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. link.

Smith, NG*, DL Lombardozzi, A Tawfik, GB Bonan, and JS Dukes (2017). Biophysical consequences of photosynthetic temperature acclimation for climate. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES) 9(1): 536-547. link.

Li, G, Y Mu, Y Liu, NG Smith*, and S Sun (2017). Effect of microtopography on soil respiration in an alpine meadow of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. Plant and Soil 421(1): 147-155. link.

Licht, J, NG Smith*, P Mitchell, and F Shields (2017). Impact of lignocellulosic and hemicellulosic biochar on soil moisture in low clay soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 180(5): 576-584. link.


Smith, NG*, SL Malyshev, EN Shevliakova, J Kattge, and JS Dukes (2016). Foliar temperature acclimation reduces simulated carbon sensitivity to climate. Nature Climate Change 6(4): 407- 411. link.

Smith, NG*, MJ Schuster, and JS Dukes (2016). Rainfall variability and nitrogen addition synergistically reduce plant diversity in a restored tallgrass prairie. Journal of Applied Ecology 53(2): 579-586. link.

Smith, NG*, GP Pold, CE Goranson, and JS Dukes (2016). Characterizing the drivers of seedling leaf gas exchange responses to warming and altered precipitation: indirect and direct effects. AoB Plants 8: plw066. link.

Sanders-Demott, R, NG Smith*, PH Templer, and JS Dukes (2016). Towards an integrated understanding of terrestrial ecosystem feedbacks to climate change. New Phytologist, 209(4): 1363-1365. link.

Schuster, MJ, NG Smith*, and JS Dukes (2016). Responses of aboveground C and N pools to rainfall variability and nitrogen deposition are mediated by seasonal precipitation and plant community dynamics. Biogeochemistry 129(3): 389-400. link.


Lobardozzi, D, GB Bonan, NG Smith*, JS Dukes, and RA Fisher (2015). Temperature acclimation of photosynthesis and respiration: a key uncertainty in the carbon cycle-climate feedback. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(20): 8624-8631. link.

Atkin, OA and 62 others (including NG Smith*) (2015). Global variability in leaf respiration among plant functional types in relation to climate and leaf traits. New Phytologist, 206(2), 614- 636. link.


Smith, NG*, VL Rodgers, ER Brzostek, A Kulmatiski, ML Avolio, DL Hoover, SE Koerner, K Grant, A Jentsch, S Fatichi, and D Niyogi (2014). Towards a better integration of biological data from precipitation manipulation experiments into land surface models. Reviews of Geophysics, 52(3): 412-434. link.

Smith, NG* (2014). Testing for temperature acclimation of plant carbon exchange: a comment on “Global patterns of the responses of leaf-level photosynthesis and respiration in terrestrial plants to experimental warming”. Journal of Plant Ecology, 8(3): 333-334. link.


Smith, NG*, and JS Dukes (2013). Plant respiration and photosynthesis in global scale models: incorporating acclimation to temperature and CO2. Global Change Biology, 19(1), 45-63. link.